Framework & Regulation
In May 2019, OECD member states endorsed the Principles on Artificial Intelligence, which is the first international agreement of its kind1. AI & Global Governance: Using International Standards as an Agile Tool for Governance – United Nations University Centre for Policy Research (unu.edu)
In November 2021, UNESCO Member States adopted the Recommendation on the Ethics of Artificial Intelligence, which is the very first global standard-setting instrument on the subject2. Ethics of Artificial Intelligence | UNESCO
In June 2020, Australia, Canada, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, Mexico, New Zealand, Republic of Korea, Singapore, Slovenia, United Kingdom, United States of America and European Union joined together to create the Global Partnership on Artificial Intelligence (GPAI)3Joint Statement From Founding Members of the Global Partnership on Artificial Intelligence – United States Department of State
United States Federal Regulation
There is no comprehensive federal legislation on AI in the United States to date1. However, there are several pieces of legislation that regulate certain aspects of AI1. Artificial Intelligence Comparative Guide – – United States (mondaq.com)
The National Artificial Intelligence Initiative (NAII) was established by the National Artificial Intelligence Initiative Act of 2020 (NAIIA) (DIVISION E, SEC. 5001) – bipartisan legislation enacted on January 1, 2021 as part of the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) for Fiscal Year 20212. LEGISLATION AND EXECUTIVE ORDERS – National Artificial Intelligence Initiative (ai.gov)
United States Federal Protection
The United States, along with its partners and allies, can both further its scientific and technological capabilities and promote democracy and human rights by working together to identify and seize the opportunities while meeting the challenges by promoting shared norms and agreements on the responsible use of AI12.Artificial Intelligence (AI) – United States Department of State
In May 2019, the United States joined together with likeminded democracies of the world in adopting the OECD Recommendation on Artificial Intelligence, which promotes inclusive growth, human-centered values, transparency, safety and security, and accountability2.
The Blueprint for an AI Bill of Rights is a guide for a society that protects all people from threats posed by AI and uses technologies in ways that reinforce our highest values3. Blueprint for an AI Bill of Rights | OSTP | The White House
Among the great challenges posed to democracy today is the use of technology, data, and automated systems in ways that threaten the rights of the American public. Too often, these tools are used to limit our opportunities and prevent our access to critical resources or services. These problems are well documented. In America and around the world, systems supposed to help with patient care have proven unsafe, ineffective, or biased. Algorithms used in hiring and credit decisions have been found to reflect and reproduce existing unwanted inequities or embed new harmful bias and discrimination. Unchecked social media data collection has been used to threaten people’s opportunities, undermine their privacy, or pervasively track their activity—often without their knowledge or consent.
These outcomes are deeply harmful—but they are not inevitable.Blueprint for an AI Bill of Rights | OSTP | The White House
The protection of fundamental human rights was a foundation stone in the establishment of the United States over 200 years ago. Since then, a central goal of U.S. foreign policy has been the promotion of respect for human rights, as embodied in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights4.Human Rights and Democracy – United States Department of State
State of California Regulations- None